The Link Between Bipolar Disorder and Suicide

bipolar suicide

Ever since the serious study of psychological disorders began, medical professionals have known that there is an indisputable link between bipolar disorder and suicide. The suicide rate for sufferers of bipolar disorder is much higher than among the general population, which is of concern to the psychiatric community. People experiencing a manic episode may find themselves contemplating suicide once they have crashed from that dizzying high to the extreme, almost depthless low of a depressive episode. When this crash occurs thoughts of self-harm tend to crop up and can turn into self-abusive actions that may lead to a bipolar person trying to commit suicide. In order to keep this from happening medical professionals seek to better understand the link between bipolar disorder and suicide.

Understanding the Link

In order to better understand the link between bipolar disorder and suicide medical, professionals have done extensive research into the topic. By studying patients exhibiting signs of psychosis stemming from psychological disorders, psychiatrists are able to build a mental picture of the ways that bipolar disorder can lead to thoughts of suicide or suicidal actions. In this way, mental health professionals use this information to help them understand what works and what doesn’t when treating a bipolar patient so that they do not experience severe depressive episodes that lead to thoughts of suicide. Understanding the onset of a manic episode in a patient helps with this as very often a manic episode will lead to a period of extreme depression in which a patient may try to commit suicide. Preventing these episodes is the goal of mental health professionals as it can significantly reduce the risk of suicide among patients.

Preventing Bipolar Disorder From Leading to Suicide

The best way that medical professionals have found to keep a person who is bipolar from having suicidal thoughts or actions is to try and prevent their manic and depressive episodes as best as medical science currently can. By preventing a manic episode doctors decrease the chance of a patient crashing into a depressive episode, which is when most people with bipolar disorder attempt suicide. However, it is also helpful to try and prevent depressive episodes for obvious reasons. Professional help consisting of counseling, therapy and the proper medication can help prevent people with psychological disorders such as bipolar disorder from attempting suicide.

Lithium Therapy

Coupled with counseling, lithium therapy has been shown to be one of the most effective ways of managing bipolar disorder and preventing it from leading to suicidal actions. Lithium is a mood elevator that has been shown to be incredibly effective when it comes to preventing patients with psychological disorders from entering into a manic episode and then crashing into a depressive phase. As previously mentioned, this cycle is responsible for man of the instances of bipolar suicide that medical professionals see. Thusly, a mood elevator like lithium’s ability to prevent this cycle is invaluable when it comes to preventing people with psychological disorders such a bipolar disorder from committing suicide.